In fact, something as simple as the Civil War hats that you c, Antique Flintlock Rifles: History, Identification & Values, Antique flintlock rifles, with their rifled barrels and simplistic construction, harken back to a time where accuracy wasn't a guarantee. My gut feeling is that when new it was at least a middle grade gun. The bayonet is unmarked except for the date of 1861. Italy:Oxford University Press, USA. The Colt repeating rifle was one of the first repeating rifles, alongside with the Henry. What kind of French muskets? Many unique Civil War revolvers and rifles can be found at Rock Island Auction Company. One has been a longtime priority of the committee's chairman, Rep. Mike Gallagher (R-Wis.): accelerating the delivery of about $19 billion in weapons Taiwan has already purchased. The Austrian-made firearm was used by both sides and was considered by some to be superior to the 1853 Enfield. Although it had a .577 caliber bore it could use the same .58 caliber Mini ball as the Springfield. These are a few of the more unique rifles that have documented use during the 19th century conflict. Christian Sharps falling-block still stirs the hearts of marksmen today. When Confederate forces seized the manufacturing equipment from Harpers Ferry, they used it to continue production of the Model 1855 during the war. So, if you've caught the eye of an old looking rifle in your grandfather's shed in the backyard, take a minute to look it over and see what hidden treasures your family might've been hiding. Shooting 475-grain bullets, thats a lot of lead down range. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. By Katharine Houreld. Confederate General Braxton Braggs LeMat revolver realized an incredible $103,500 during Rock Island Auction Company's December 2021 Premier Firearms Auction. But the 24-inch, 9-pound brainchild of Benjamin Henry did have its weak points. Whitworth Rifle. k.k. The rifles differed from each other mainly in the different "actions" they had. Any identification marks are most likely on the bottom of the barrels, under the wood. In fact, this rifle was the first breechloader ever made in any national armory that fired a primed metallic cartridge. One of the most iconic and memorable of all Civil war guns used by the Union during is the Springfield Model 1861 musket. In September of 2018, RIAC sold a Paris marked First Model Le Mat revolver for $17,250. The 9-pound, 40-inch-barreled Model 1861 was also a more reliable weapon than preceding military arms through the use of percussion caps. In Civil War battles, infantry typically fought in a widely-spread out line, with the men using trees, rocks, buildings, etc. There were many Southern editions, and at least one Northern edition that omitted Hardee's name from the title page. p. 249-250, Hess,E.J. Though, its strange conical-shaped cartridge could occasionally get stuck in the breech after firing. What might be surpr. 1863. Mini ball rifles - Various rifles were able to shoot mini balls, which created large, gaping wounds in the targets that they hit. These old and obsolete weapons were replaced by newer weapons as they became available. p. 73-74, Coggins,J. The Civil War was a time of great social and political upheaval. It was the standard weapon for the British Army between 18531867. [12] A South Carolina officer estimated that only one in every 400 shots fired resulted in a hit. For instance, one was produced specially for African-American troops, and another for Zouave units. . During the American Civil War, there was a real transitory period happening within the firearms industry. Napoleon normally always tried to rout opposing armies from the field after softening their line with massed artillery barrages. The Brunswick rifle was a high tech rifle during the 1830s when it was originally manufactured, but by the 1860s, it was an obsolete firearm. (2017). [5], Historian Allen C. Guelzo argues that one technical reason such short ranges persisted was the continued use of black powder. With seven rounds of .56-56 Spencer rimfire on tap, the rifle delivered overwhelming firepower for the time. 25,000 tube-lock Austrian M1842 muskets were imported via the firm of Kruse, Drexel, and Schmidt, out of a total of 68,505 Austrian muskets imported by the North during the war. The American Revolution was foughtand wonwith guns, and the weapons have become ingrained in U.S. culture, but the invention of firearms started long before colonists ever settled . The curved trajectory of the bullet also meant there was a gap over which the bullet flew: a rifle musket sighted to a range of 500 yards would send the bullet clear over the head of a mounted cavalryman standing at a distance of 250 yards. The second contract at the same . Even worse was the state of cavalry tactics. It was basically a Joslyn Carbine action fitted to a 1863 Springfield barrel and stock (though heavily modified). At the same time, Northern rifle and gun manufacturers such as Sharps, Colt, Remington, and the Springfield Armory quickly increased their production of rifles;[18] Springfield alone increased its annual output from 20,000 to 200,000. Perhaps the most intriguing feature of the Civil War gun is its .60 caliber, 18 gauge under shotgun barrel located right underneath its .42 barrel giving the user an addition shot. Like the Springfield, this was a three-band, single-shot, muzzle-loading rifle musket. The ignition source was a folded rim on the inside of the gun. Others, especially those in later purchases, were described as horrible in both design and condition. All rights reserved. The North was thus able to supply its own small arms needs, while the South had to continue to rely on foreign sources, eventually purchasing 580,000 rifles. They are found, though, in many forms. Typically, these rifles are sold for $1,000-$3,000 depending on their condition. A sketch details the 14th Brooklyn regiment's uniform jacket, vest and kepi. That is, if you consider a gun designed to fire hexagonal bullets a bit odd. Here we present an antique Enfield Pattern 1853 Rifle-Musket, made in 1862 in England. A forum community dedicated to all firearm owners and enthusiasts. The Confederates made attempts to acquire these weapons, but they lacked the technological ability to reproduce them or their ammunition. Near the breech on the octagonal barrel is 78192, Length of the barrel please and I should be able to give you an answer. The Brunswick was a muzzle loader rifle that was manufactured for the British Army in the early 19th century. [2] Soldiers were often forced to use older smooth bore and flintlock muskets, which had been considered to be obsolete, simply because the newer rifles were not available in sufficient quantities. In the early 1850s, Burnside resigned his military commission to work exclusively on his breech-loading carbine design. [18][20], Some soldiers considered the Enfield to be superior to the Springfield in terms of quality and accuracy. Click here for more information. The hammers look homemade and while it's probably old enough to have been used in the war it is very highly unlikely. Most Colt Revolving Rifles were eventually sold off by the War Department for 55 cents just to get rid of them. Although the Colt was excellent in combat, it had a major design flaw. The Lorenz Rifle (again a rifled musket of the Mini variety) had highly mixed reviews in the Civil War. The Le Mat saw wear-and-tear but still showed good plum and brown patina. Theres little wonder that, Hugh Lowther, the fifth Earl of Lonsdale, squandered a massive fortune through his generosity and out-sized reputation as a womanizer, horseman, Sooner or later, everything old is new again, author Stephen King wrote in his 2005 crime thriller, The Colorado Kid. This sentiment certainly. Bridesburg Model 1861. Musket balls are one of the earliest forms of projectiles that were fired from muskets and rifles. Save my name and email to use for future comments. After attending a demonstration firing, President Lincoln was impressed enough to give it his approval. Rifle Musket. The government was impressed with the inventive gun, however, the first carbine order took Burnsides company two years to produce and the government had no money left for contracts to produce more by the time the guns were delivered. The first rifled muskets had used a larger .69 caliber Mini ball, since they had simply taken .69 caliber smooth bore muskets and rifled their barrels. Some shotguns were used in the very beginning, mostly by southern troops but were discarded after the first battle or two when better weapons were acquired from the dead. 27, No. Like with all historical firearms, the prices can vary throughout the years on certain models and type of arms with condition and provenance playing a role on cost., The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration Serial numbers are a way to pin down an exact date for antique weapons, so long as their manufacturer's historic records are publicly available. Nevertheless, the rifles were heavily imported with an estimated 350,000 making their way into the hands of both Union and Confederate soldiers. Like other Springfield rifles it was first produced at the Springfield Armory, but to meet war demands twenty arms manufacturers were contracted to increase production. in Public History, Megan is fascinated by vintage & antique items. If . Other then The French Lefaucheux pin-fire handgun, I have no knowledge of any other French weapons imported by either side. Produced in tremendous numbers by the Union and captured by the Confederacy, this is the arm that most soldiers on both sides carried. Burnside Carbine. Many older Springfield rifle muskets, such as the Model 1855 and 1842, were brought out of storage and used due to arms shortages. England became one of the Rebels' main arms dealers, with a number of small private gunmakers from around London and Birmingham supplying up to 350,000 Pattern 1853s. Military Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. [19], The Springfield Model 1861 was considered the standard rifle musket of the Civil War. Get the latest news and reviews from We did not manufacture guns of this nature in the US. The percussion musket used .58 caliber Minie balls for ammunition which provided additional range and accuracy for soldiers using the gun. Almost all rifles were made with iron barrels, while only some, like the Burnside, used steel, which then was expensive. [11] The 14th Illinois once attempted target practice with a barrel set up 180 yards from the firing line, but of 160 shots fired only four actually hit it. It had a rifled barrel, and fired the .58 caliber Mini ball. But the Henry made its way into Civil War lore through soldiers spending their own hard-earned pay on the brass-receiver beasts. With an effective range of 600 paces, troops could fire three rounds per minute with an accuracy of up to 500 yards. Polly Pocket: History & Value of Barbies Biggest 90s Rival. Extremely rare LeMat percussion grape shot revolver. So there you have it, the top 7 most desirable Civil War guns for collectors and Civil War enthusiasts alike. Outstanding Civil War U.S. Springfield Model 1861 percussion rifle-musket dated 1862 with bayonet. In addition, most existing military doctrine was based around the smoothbore musket. The enterprising Confederates adapted these rifles to better suit their needs. Realistically, though, hitting anything beyond 500 yards was mostly a matter of luck. If needed all that had to be done was put the caps on nipples and it was ready to shoot.. There's a barrel key in the forearm. Manufactured in New Haven, Connecticut, these rifles have an iconic gold lever-action mechanism and blue finish. The old gal looks rode hard and put away wet. In our 2019 May Premier Auction, we sold an excellent conditioned, beautifully casehardened and original blue preserved Spencer Model 1860 rifle for an astounding $48,875. The Confederates attempted to claim the moral high ground by arguing they never stooped to using exploding bullets, however the Richmond Arsenal manufactured at least 100,000 exploding bullets and examples of Confederates using exploding bullets can be found during the Battle of Glendale and the Siege of Vicksburg. Appraiser, Seller and Dealer of Civil War Guns to include Revolvers, Pistols, Rifles, Muskets, Carbines and Cannons, Union and Confederate. Went off and smoked up the shop, I have unloaded a few old doubles myself . Due to their history and extreme rarity, surviving Confederate revolvers are some of the most sought-after treasures in arms collecting today. With 16+1 rounds of .44 Henry rimfire ammunition on tap, the rifle would have been money well spent.